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          Theater Group


The origin of the idea to create a professional cabaret troupe in Westerbork concentration camp is uncertain.

Some attribute it to Max Ehrlich, since he was one of the first professional entertainers to arrive there in 1942.

Nonetheless, it is first concretized during the summer of 1943, after Willy Rosen and Erich Ziegler are also interned.


In 1943 - like so many of his colleagues - Max Ehrlich is imprisoned in Westerbork concentration camp. Here, he becomes director of the "Camp Westerbork Theater Group," a cabaret troupe that, during its eighteen month existence, stages six major theater productions within the concentration camp`s confines. Almost all the actors are prominent artists from Berlin and Vienna, such as Willy Rosen, Erich Ziegler, Camila Spira, and Kurt Geron; or well-known Dutch performers, like Esther Philipse, Jetty Cantor and Jonny & Jones. At its high point, the Group counts fifty-one members, including a full team of musicians, dancers, choreographers, artists, tailors, make-up, lighting and other technicians, as well as stage hands. Contemporary observers unconditionally exclaim that the "best cabaret in Europe" now is in camp Westerbork.

Most of the shows combine elements of revue and cabaret - songs and sketches - but, on one occasion, the program includes a revue-operetta, "Ludmilla, or Corpses Everywhere". A production whose theme sadly is a presentiment of the actors` and other prisoners` ultimate fate. While some scenes are implicitly critical, of course, the Theater Group - at no time - produces openly political cabaret or directly attacks the Nazi regime. To do so would violate the most fundamental condition for the troupe`s continued existence. Besides, life in Westerbork is dominated by the persistent threat of deportation on the next transport to an unknown but deeply feared fate in the East. So, standing, helpless and unaided before the fascists` executioners and their lackeys, the Theater Group, of necessity, limits itself to entertaining its audiences and to momentarily distracting them from the surrounding horrors. But in so doing, it also gives their captive audiences renewed hope and the courage to face an otherwise unbearable existence.
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                                 Last modified: January 5th 2012